Background[ edit ] The term "Final Solution" was a euphemism used by the Nazis to refer to their plan for the annihilation of the Jewish people. Euphemisms were, in Mark Roseman's words, "their normal mode of communicating about murder". Louis with Jewish refugees from Germany denied entry to Cuba, Canada, and the United States in mid From gaining power in January until the outbreak of war in Septemberthe Nazi persecution of the Jews in Germany was focused on intimidation, expropriating their money and property, and encouraging them to emigrate. After the Anschluss with Austria inspecial offices were established in Vienna and Berlin to "facilitate" Jewish emigration, without covert plans for their forthcoming annihilation.
Eichmann 's list In preparation for the conference, Eichmann drafted a list of the numbers of Jews in the various European countries.
Countries were listed in two groups, "A" and "B". This would be a temporary solution, a step towards the "final solution of the Jewish question". Able-bodied Jews, separated according to sex, will be taken in large work columns to these areas for work on roads, in the course of which action doubtless a large portion will be eliminated by natural causes.
The possible final remnant will, since it will undoubtedly consist of the most resistant portion, have to be treated accordingly, because it is the product of natural selection and would, if released, act as the seed of a new Jewish revival. Leaders were given briefings about the need to be "severe" and "firm"; all Jews were to be viewed as potential enemies that had to be dealt with ruthlessly.
The "evacuated" Jews, he said, would first be sent to "transit ghettos" in the General Government, from which they would be transported eastward. He outlined categories of people who would not be killed.
Jews over 65 years old, and Jewish World War I veterans who had been severely wounded or who had won the Iron Crossmight be sent to Theresienstadt concentration camp instead of being killed. Under the Nuremberg Laws oftheir status had been left deliberately ambiguous.
Heydrich announced that Mischlings mixed-race persons of the first degree persons with two Jewish grandparents would be treated as Jews.
This would not apply if they were married to a non-Jew and had children by that marriage.
It would also not apply if they had been granted written exemption by "the highest offices of the Party and State". If such a marriage had produced children who were being raised as Germans, the Jewish partner would not be killed.
If they were being raised as Jews, they might be killed or sent to an old-age ghetto. In most of the occupied countries, Jews were rounded up and killed en masse, and anyone who lived in or identified with the Jewish community in any given place was regarded as a Jew.
Very soon,Jews of Hungary and parts of Czechoslovakia, Romania, and Yugoslavia occupied by Hungary were sent to their deaths by Eichmann, with the collaboration of Hungarian authorities. Then followed about thirty minutes of questions and comments, followed by some less formal conversation.
Heydrich assured him that this was already the policy; such Jews would not be killed. During the conversation they minced no words about it at all He had expected a lot of resistance, Eichmann recalled, but instead, he had found "an atmosphere not only of agreement on the part of the participants, but more than that, one could feel an agreement which had assumed a form which had not been expected".
They were not to be verbatim: Eichmann ensured that nothing too explicit appeared in them. He said at his trial: He stated at his trial that it was personally edited by Heydrich, and thus reflected the message he intended the participants to take away from the meeting.
It was not until that Luther's copy number 16 out of 30 copies prepared was found by Robert Kempnera U. The enormous importance which has been attached to the conference by post-war writers was not evident to most of its participants at the time.
Heydrich did not call the meeting to make fundamental new decisions on the Jewish question. Massive killings of Jews in the conquered territories in the Soviet Union and Poland were ongoing, and a new extermination camp was already under construction at Belzec at the time of the conference; other extermination camps were in the planning stages.
This was indeed the crucial result of the meeting and the main reason why Heydrich had detailed minutes prepared and widely circulated", said Longerich.
The building was in use as a school, and funding was not available.
Despondent at the failure of the project, and the West German government's failure to pursue and convict Nazi war criminals, Wulf committed suicide in The "Final Solution" The origin of the "Final Solution," the Nazi plan to exterminate the Jewish people, remains uncertain.
What is clear is that the genocide of the Jews was the culmination of a decade of Nazi policy, under the rule of Adolf Hitler. The term ‘Final Solution’ (Endlösung) referred to their plan to annihilate the Jewish people.
It is clear from the Wannsee Conference in January that the Final Solution of the Jewish Question was planned in meticulous detail by Nazi officials from a large number of government departments.
On 20 January , fifteen leading officials of the Nazi state met at a villa in Wannsee, a suburb of Berlin, to discuss the ‘Final Solution of the Jewish Question’. The ‘Final Solution’ was a code name for the murder of all the Jews of Europe.
The ‘Final Solution‘ was a code name for the murder of all the Jews of Europe. The people present at the conference were to discuss how to make mass murder happen in an organised and methodical way.
No one present at the meeting objected to the ‘Final Solution’ – the debates were on how it should happen. Setting the Stage for the Holocaust. Antisemitic myths about World War I's end played a role in Hitler's rise to power.
Learn More. News. Letter from Holocaust Survivors to Pittsburgh Jewish Community November 08, Museum Condemns Pittsburgh Synagogue Attack October 27, We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us.