Faulty parallelism

Virginia has been a university English instructor for over 20 years. She specializes in helping people write essays faster and easier. When writing a list, every item starts with the same type of verb or noun, adjective or adverb format.

Faulty parallelism

Consider the sentence, My first-year philosophy professor was informative, lively, and a source of inspiration. Notice that the first two phrases in the a, b, and c construction are adjectives, while the third is a noun phrase. This sentence suffers from faulty parallelism.

Faulty Parallelism: Short, Simple Version

How to identify and repair faulty parallelism To check whether the elements of a construction are in parallel, place boxes around them. Next, label the boxes. My first-year philosophy professor was informativea, Faulty parallelism, and a source of inspirationc.

To repair the faulty parallelism here, you will have to change the elements a and b into noun phrases or the element c into an adjective. Always choose the simplest option.

In this case it is easiest to change the final element, c, into an adjective: My first-year philosophy professor was informativea, livelyb, and inspiringc. Often faulty parallelism can be repaired by paying close attention to where you place your verbs. The faulty parallelism in the following sentence is easy to detect once you place boxes around the two elements of the not only but also construction: My philosophy professor not only demonstrated how to reason persuasivelya but also how to avoid logical fallaciesb.

Note that element a begins with a verb but element b doesn't.

Faulty Parallelism - University College

To repair the faulty parallelism, you can add a verb to the start of element b. However, since the same verb will work for both parts of the construction, the more elegant solution is to drag the verb demonstrated to the front of the whole construction: My philosophy professor demonstrated not only how to reason persuasivelya but also how to avoid logical fallaciesb.

Faulty parallelism

Problems with parallelism often arise from the careless use of clauses beginning with the subordinating conjunction that: He warned me to revise my essaya and that I should pay close attention to parallel structuresb. In this example, the infinitive provides the more elegant solution: He warned me to revise my essaya and to pay close attention to parallel structuresb.The faulty parallelism in the following sentence is easy to detect once you place boxes around the two elements of the not only but also construction: My philosophy professor not only demonstrated how to reason persuasively a but also how to avoid logical fallacies b.

Printable PDF Version Fair-Use Policy. What is faulty parallelism? Look out for faulty parallelism whenever you use one of the following constructions. Faulty parallelism in writing can happen when using lists or pairs of words and phrases.

Words or phrases should match in structure and format to avoid faulty parallelism and choppy writing. Learn more in this lesson. May 20,  · Faulty parallelism in a sentence is when you are writing a list of things and mix up verb forms (to run, jumping, played).

Example: Faulty: Samantha likes to run, jumping around in the backyard and played with her friend Jorge timberdesignmag.coms: Faulty parallelism occurs when a sentence uses mixed forms of words with similar importance.

One way to correct the sentence is to write "Mary likes to dance, sing and read books." Faulty parallelism can occur with phrases, words or clauses. May 20,  · Faulty parallelism in a sentence is when you are writing a list of things and mix up verb forms (to run, jumping, played).

Example: Faulty: Samantha likes to run, jumping around in the backyard and played with her friend Jorge yesterday.; Correct: Samantha likes running and jumping around in her backyard; in fact, yesterday she played there with her friend timberdesignmag.coms:

Faulty Parallelism Exercises With Answers | Owlcation