Jesus Christ Really Existed. Did Jesus Really Exist? Where is the proof from non-Bible sources that he is real? These questions and others like it are often asked by Bible skeptics and atheists alike.
Endnotes Introduction Having specialized for several decades in critical studies of the resurrection of Jesus, I recently decided to update my Bibliography. What began rather modestly evolved into a five year study of well over sources on this topic, published from to the present in German, French, and English.
I was most interested in scholarly trends, resulting in a survey of well over sub-issues. One area of concentration was the common historical content recognized by virtually all researchers.
For a variety of reasons, contemporary scholars widely conclude that after his death, Jesus' followers at least thought that they had seen appearances of the risen Jesus. Do the disciples' beliefs that they had witnessed resurrection appearances provide any clues as to what may really have occurred?
The answer depends on how one accounts for these experiences. Here, where scholarship differs widely, three chief options prevail. In spite of these differences, it is my contention that this is the single most crucial aspect of the historical question.
During the examination of this subject, I will attempt to clarify some of the relevant issues in order to narrow the major options. While I will not choose between these answers regarding the underlying cause, my chief task is to tighten the focus of the discussion.
|Christian Scriptures (New Testament)||Did Jesus Have to Die?|
|BBC - Religions - Christianity: The Passion of Christ||Who in the first centuries had the greatest stake in disproving the resurrection of Jesus? What theory did they use?|
In the process, I will use chiefly those data to which the vast majority of recent researchers agree, at least in principle, regardless of their theological positions.
Due to the volume of relevant material, I will often resort to summarized conclusions of recent scholarly trends.
The endnotes provide additional background information, perspectives, argumentation, and other details. The Disciples' Experiences of the Risen Jesus The substantially unanimous verdict of contemporary critical scholars is that Jesus' disciples at least believed that Jesus was alive, resurrected from the dead.
Fuller continues that it is clear that the disciples had real experiences, characterized as appearances or visions of the risen Jesus. Whether these are explained naturally or supernaturally, this experience "is a fact upon which both believer and unbeliever may agree.
P Sanders declares that the "equally secure facts" indicate that Jesus' disciples "saw him in what sense is not certain after his death. Thereafter his followers saw him. How these experiences are explained is another matter.
But there are some rather impressive reasons that explain such a widespread, initial conclusion. We will begin by listing eight pointers, four from Paul and four more from various other sources.
A former opponent 1 Cor. The scholarly consensus here is attested by atheist Michael Martin, who avers: This pre-Pauline report summarizes the early Gospel content, that Christ died for human sin, was buried, rose from the dead, and then appeared to many witnesses, both individuals and groups.
Paul is clear that this material was not his own but that he had passed on to others what he had received earlier, as the center of his message There are many textual indications that the material pre-dates Paul. Most directly, the apostle employs paredoka and parelabon, the equivalent Greek terms for delivering and receiving rabbinic tradition cf.From the Spring issue of Knowing & Doing:: The Resurrection of Jesus Christ as Christianity's Centerpiece.
by Benjamin C. Shaw, Student Fellow, and Gary R.
Habermas, Ph.D. esus’ resurrection is at the very core of the message preached by His disciples. Evidence of the Resurrection of Jesus - What the Death and Resurrection of Jesus Accomplished.
In order to understand the meaning of the death and resurrection of Jesus it is imperative to comprehend the meaning of the Old Testament and the covenants that .
Thus either (1) the resurrection really happened, (2) the apostles were deceived by a hallucination, (3) the apostles created a myth, not meaning it literally, (4) the apostles were deceivers who conspired to foist on the world the most famous and successful lie in history, or (5) Jesus only swooned and was resuscitated, not resurrected.
Read Lawrence Mykytiuk’s article “Did Jesus Exist? Searching for Evidence Beyond the Bible” as it originally appeared in Biblical Archaeology Review, January/February The article was first republished in Bible History Daily in An atheist claimed that all of the evidence for Jesus is “made up”, that Christianity was created in order to exert power over people, and that the NT books were written hundreds of years after Christ.
Strabo, the celebrated geographer, speaking of the Parthenon, a temple in Athens, says: “In this was the inextinguishable or unquenchable lamp” (asbestos, the very word used in Mark , Luke , and Mark ).Of course, all it means is that the lamp was kept constantly or regularly burning during the period alluded to, though extinguished or quenched ages ago.