According to Metropolitan John Zizioulas of Pergamon"The issue of primacy is perhaps the most important ecumenical problem. Whenever people, local communities or regional churches come together to take counsel and make important decisions, there is need for someone to summon and preside over the gathering for the sake of good order and to help the process of promoting, discerning and articulating consensus. Synods and councils of all times and in all churches demonstrate this clearly.
Catholic theology explained Catholic theology is the understanding of Catholic doctrine or teachings, and results from the studies of theologian s. It is based on canonical scripture and sacred traditionas interpreted authoritatively by the magisterium of the Catholic Church.
This article serves as an introduction to various topics in Catholic theology, with links to where fuller coverage is found. Major teachings of the Catholic Church which were discussed in the early councils of the Church are summarized in various creedsespecially the Nicene Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed and the Apostles' Creed.
Since the 16th century the church has produced catechism s which summarize its teachings, most recently in The Church believes in a Spirit-guided revelation in sacred scripturedeveloped in sacred tradition but entirely out of the original deposit of faith.
This developed deposit of faith is protected by the "magisterium" or College of Bishops at ecumenical councils overseen by the pope,  beginning with the Council of Jerusalem.
The celebration of the Eucharistone of seven sacramentsis the center of Catholic worship. The Church exercises control over additional forms of personal prayer and devotion including the RosaryStations of the Crossand Eucharistic adorationdeclaring that they should all somehow derive from the Eucharist and lead back to it.
According to the Catechism, Christ instituted seven sacraments and entrusted them to the Church. The Catholic bishops at the Second Vatican Councilafter centuries of celebration of the Mass in Latin, found it salutary to decree: Pastors of souls must therefore realize that, when the liturgy is celebrated, something more is required than the mere observation of the laws governing valid and licit celebration; it is their duty also to ensure that the faithful take part fully aware of what they are doing, actively engaged in the rite, and enriched by its effects.
Because man is created in the image and likeness of God, man can know with certainty of God's existence from his own human reason.
But while "Man's faculties make him capable of coming to a knowledge of the existence of a personal God," in order "for man to be able to enter into real intimacy with him, God willed both to reveal himself to man, and to give him the grace of being able to welcome this revelation in faith.
Coming from God, going toward God, man lives a fully human life only if he freely lives by his bond with God.
This revelation started with Adam and Eveand was not broken off by their original sin; rather, God promised to send a redeemer. God further revealed himself through covenants between Noah and Abraham. The fullness of God's revelation was made manifest through the coming of the Son of God, Jesus Christ.
Creeds See main article: Creeds from Latin credo meaning "I believe" are concise doctrinal statements or confessions, usually of religious beliefs. They began as baptismal formulas and were later expanded during the Christological controversies of the 4th and 5th centuries to become statements of faith.
The Apostles Creed Symbolum Apostolorum was developed between the 2nd and 9th centuries. It is the most popular creed used in worship by Western Christians.
Its central doctrines are those of the Trinity and God the Creator. Each of the doctrines found in this creed can be traced to statements current in the apostolic period.
The creed was apparently used as a summary of Christian doctrine for baptismal candidates in the churches of Rome. This creed is recited at Sunday Masses and is the core statement of belief in many other Christian churches as well.
Catholic theology of Scripture. Christianity regards the Biblea collection of canonical books in two parts the Old Testament and the New Testamentas authoritative. It is believed by Christians to have been written by human authors under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, and therefore for many it is held to be the inerrant Word of God.
This concept is known as Sola scriptura. These variations are a reflection of the range of traditions and councils that have convened on the subject. The Bible always includes books of the Jewish scriptures, the Tanakhand includes additional books and reorganizes them into two parts: Protestants consider these books apocryphal.
Some versions of the Christian Bible have a separate Apocrypha section for the books not considered canonical by the publisher. The literal sense of understanding scripture is the meaning conveyed by the words of Scripture and discovered by exegesis, following the rules of sound interpretation.
The spiritual sense has three subdivisions: The allegorical sense includes typology. An example would be the parting of the Red Sea being understood as a "type" sign of baptism.
The anagogical interpretation includes eschatology and applies to eternity and the consummation of the world.The Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Churches developed largely in the same places as the Western Roman and Eastern Roman (or Byzantine) Empires.
Coincidence? This . Cf. International Joint Commission for Theological Dialogue between the Catholic Church and the Oriental Orthodox Churches, „The Nature, Constitution and Mission of the Church”, in: Pontifical Council For Promoting Christian Unity, Information Service N.
(/I-II) In , at the Council of Florence, some Orthodox hierarchs from Byzantium as well as Metropolitan Isidore, who represented the Russian Church, signed a union with the Roman Church, whereby the Eastern Church would recognise the primacy of the timberdesignmag.comr, the Moscow Prince Vasili II rejected the act of the Council of Florence brought to Moscow by Isidore in March Cf.
International Joint Commission for Theological Dialogue between the Catholic Church and the Oriental Orthodox Churches, „The Nature, Constitution and Mission of the Church”, in: Pontifical Council For Promoting Christian Unity, Information Service N.
(/I-II) With the initiation of the Orthodox-Roman Catholic Consultation in the United States in (now called the North American Orthodox-Catholic Theological Consultation) and the establishment of the Joint International Commission for Theological Dialogue between the Catholic Church and the Orthodox Church by Pope John Paul II and Patriarch.
With the initiation of the Orthodox-Roman Catholic Consultation in the United States in (now called the North American Orthodox-Catholic Theological Consultation) and the establishment of the Joint International Commission for Theological Dialogue between the Catholic Church and the Orthodox Church by Pope John Paul II and Patriarch.